Alimer MD

For Acne

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Types of Acne

Congestion / Large pores / Ingrown hairs



 

Acne is a skin condition that consists of comedones, papules, pustules, and cysts. Acne most commonly develops on areas of the body that contain a lot of sebaceous glands (oil) glands like the face, neck, chest, back and shoulders. Acne usually begins (and is most common) in puberty, but many adults also develop the condition. 


Non-inflammatory acne 

 

Blackheads and whiteheads (aka open and closed comedones) occur when a plug made up of sebum and dead skin cells can be seen inside a follicle (pore), but does not cause any inflammation or redness. 

 

Blackheads: If the plug enlarges and stretches the pore, it is referred to as a blackhead. Blackheads aren’t trapped dirt. Rather, the dark colour is a build-up of melanin and oxidized oil. 
Whiteheads: When a thin cover of skin traps the plug, it prevents the oil from oxidizing. This keeps it white and creates a whitehead. 

 

Inflammatory acne 

 

When follicles are blocked by sebum and skin cells, the follicular wall is under pressure. If the pressure is great enough, then the follicle wall will break and the contents will spread into the surrounding skin. 

When your immune system responds to this bacteria and sebum, inflammatory acne occurs. The degree of inflammation determines the size and redness of an acne lesion. 


Papules: Pink or red bumps without a white or yellow centre. 


Pustules: Red bumps with a white or yellow centre of pus. Pustules are formed when the plug inside a pore traps oil and bacteria, which draws white blood cells to the area to fight infection. Pus is made up of dead white blood cells. 


Cysts and nodules: Larger (and often painful) acne lesions that extend into the deeper skin layers. Cysts and nodules can last for months, destroy the follicle and lead to permanent scars. Individuals with this type of acne should see a dermatologist for treatment. 

Treatment Pathway

1. Manage bacteria

OLIGOPEPTIDE 10 & SALICYLIC ACID

2. Enhance cellular turnover

RETINOL

3. Antioxidant protection for cells 

RESVERATROL

4. Protect against UV damage

ZINC OXIDE

Treatment Choices

Cleanse

Purifying Gel Cleanser - This foamy gel cleanser is perfect for an oily skin type.  It soothes, whilst removing impurities, oil and environmental pollutants.


SensiCalm Cleanser - A smooth and hydrating cleanser that delicately removes impurities and excess oil while calming the skin and reducing the inflammatory response.


Acne Clarifying Cleanser - A gentle yet effective pH balanced cleanser is perfect for acne prone skin. It deep cleans the pores, whilst the salicylic acid penetrates the pores to help control acne. Oligopeptide-10 works with salicylic acid to leave the skin soft supple and comfortable. 

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Exfoliate

Bright and clear solution - A refreshing skin conditioning solution that refines skin complexion.  It brightens the skin whilst reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. 
 

AHA Renewal serum - This powerful AHA enhances the texture and tone of the skin, whilst reducing the visible signs of ageing. It promotes smoother brighter and more radiant skin.

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Treat

Acne Balancing Serum - A lightweight serum that penetrates pores, reduces acne and prevents new breakouts from forming. Redness and irritation are relieved, whilst antioxidants help to neutralise free radicals.

 

Matticlear - This lightweight oil absorbing serum helps to reduce shine and refine the texture of the skin resulting in a smooth matte finish.

 

Retinol Resurfacing Serum 0.25 & 0.5 - These micro encapsulated resurfacing serums dramatically reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles whilst improving the tone and texture of your skin. This formula will also improve the size of pores, and even skin tone. The micro encapsulated technology enables soothing and hydrating of the skin overnight in comfort.

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Moisturise

HydraClarité - An ultra-light, non-comedogenic (pore-clogging) formula that will leave your skin super soft and hydrated.  It protects from free radicals, the sun and pollution.

 

Hydra Smooth- An ultra light, non-comedogenic formulation to restore clarity to acne prone skin. This formulation has 1% encapsulated salicylic acid to deeply penetrate the pores to remove dead skin cells. Moisture levels, irritation and redness are relieved at the same time. 

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Protect

Clear shield - A light weight, non-comedogenic physical sunscreen that gives powerful broad-spectrum protection.

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